3. What To Pack
You can wear shorts (men or women) but not short shorts, and woman can go sleeveless; however, it is more respectful to wear pants (men and women) or pants with a length below the knee (women). If you know you are touring a religious site, women can take a shawl along to cover the shoulders. (We were never asked to cover our heads.) It’s hot most of the year so don’t feel you need to bundle up or wear excessive clothing. In the winter months you should bring a sweater or light jacket as the evenings apparently can be cool. What is absolutely necessary is a hat, preferably one that will both shade your face and your back neck. Our river ship also had umbrellas you could borrow and that is a fabulous alternative as well. The second necessity is a good pair of walking shoes or hiking boots. Sandals are great for the evening or around the city. Outside the city at most sites the ground will be sand, ancient and uneven pavement stones, or rubble – and to see some sites you are walking a lot.
Believe it or not, you can travel carry-on. I did, and the trip was 17 days. My luggage (one small bag and a backpack) had numerous tops, mostly T-shirts and a couple of dressy ones, 2 pairs of pants with lots of pockets, and three pairs of summer pants that could be easily dressed up. Of course it also included underwear, nightie, toiletries, travel jewellery, a shawl. etc. I wore my walking shoes to travel ( plus jeans, heavier top, and hoodie because I would return to a chillier climate) but also packed a pair of day sandals and evening wedge sandals. The latter I never wore so could easily have been left at home. Returning from the trip, there was plenty of room for souvenirs and neither bag was very heavy going either way. It makes catching that connecting flight in a hurry a breeze! (And no stress from lost or delayed luggage!)
Check with your travel agent if on a river cruise whether laundry is available. Laundry strips were packed as I was travelling carry-on as they are very conducive to travel but discovered to my delight AmaWaterways™ offers laundry service on board ship at a very reasonable price. No need to be bothered with that chore while on vacation if it can be avoided!